The word "periodontal" literally means "around the tooth". Periodontal Disease (also known as "gum disease", "pyorrhea" or "periodontal infection") is an ongoing bacterial infection in the gums and bone around your teeth. This infection leads to an inflammation under the gums, and if not treated, this inflammation can destroy the bone around your teeth. This results in tooth loss. 75% of
all adult tooth loss is due to periodontal infection.
More importantly, research has associated periodontal infection to several serious medical problems; including heart disease, diabetes and stroke (Click the link to see "The Consequences
of Periodontal Disease" section). As ongoing research continues to define how periodontal disease is associated with these and other health
problems, good oral health is essential. Good periodontal health is a key component of a healthy body.
How Does An "Ongoing Infection" Work?
Have you ever gotten a splinter? If the splinter was not removed, it most likely became red and infected. Because the splinter is
a constant source of bacteria, it didn't heal until the splinter was removed and your immune system conquered the bacteria.
During a chronic infection, your immune system is unable to conquer the bacteria on its own, and the pain and redness continue to worsen.
Periodontal disease is an ongoing
infection in the pockets around your teeth. You cannot fight off the infection
alone, but with periodontal therapy, we are able to remove debris and
bacteria from the site, allowing the gum to heal.
What Can Cause a "Burst" of Infection Activity?
People with periodontal disease have low resistance to periodontal bacteria. This causes an ongoing gum infection that grows in
"bursts" of activity. Each time it grows, more support for your teeth is lost. Some factors that can cause a "burst" of activity are:
- Poor oral hygiene
- Dental plaque
- Genetic factors
- Stress or tension
Getting Periodontal Infection Treated Right Away
When your infection has a burst of activity, or when there are signs that this is about to occur, your general dentist may recommend you see a periodontist.
Symptoms of Periodontal Infection
Periodontal infection is usually painless until it reaches an advanced stage. However, there are some symptoms which can indicate the presence of periodontal infection.
- Red or swollen gums
- Bleeding when brushing (pink toothbrush),
or at other times
- Aching, itchy, sore or tender gums
- Receding gums (teeth beginning to look longer)
- Pus between your teeth and gums when you press down on the gums
- Bad breath
- Any change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
- Any change in the fit of partial dentures
- Loose, separating or protruding teeth
- Spaces between teeth
If you notice any of the above warning signs of periodontal
infection, please contact your general dentist or periodontist ask for a periodontal evaluation.
Important Note: Your
gums can look and feel quite normal and yet deep pockets of periodontal
infection can still be present. To be certain about any periodontal disease, ask your dentist or periodontist to examine your gums for signs